Intelligent and Adaptive Building Systems in High-Rise Architecture

Presented for the 2012 CCHRB Scholarship

Project Proposal By:
Kai L. Hansen
College of Architecture IIT

Abstract:
Energy consumption by buildings, especially high-rise buildings, has increased to the point that it has overtaken the industrial and transportation sectors (Perez-Lombard et al., 2008).  This unsustainable phenomenon has prompted research into Intelligent and Adaptive Building Systems, which from this point on will be referred to as IABS, for more energy-efficient buildings that current architectural practice overlooks.  In addition to the benefit of reduced energy consumption, occupant physiological and psychological well-being can also be addressed by providing greater microclimate control and feedback.  Both can be achieved through the blending of established technologies such as:

  • intelligent mobile devices
  • microcontrollers sense and response capabilities
  • fuzzy logic
  • artificial neural networks
  • agent based systems
  • network communications

This research project seeks to address these issues by developing working examples of IABS that address the needs of all stakeholders (Table 1).  Past and future examples consist of several existing technologies, and form a contextually aware and extremely flexible agent based network.  This project also seeks to answer questions about IABS design and occupant interfacing.  To achieve these goals, a new prototype series of varying component make ups are planned, and will be comparatively tested through performance analyses.  Additionally, a scale high-rise model to demonstrate a working system in operation will be produced.  This proposal will also explain why high-rise architecture is ideal for IABS integration, and how the two fit together.

Table 1. Building stakeholders and relative performance metrics  

Stakeholder

Performance Metrics

Occupant Indoor Air Quality, comfort, health (psychological & physiological)
Building Owner or Developer Return on initial investment, building lifespan, operating costs, occupant satisfaction/rate of occupancy
Building Operator or Engineer Efficient building control and management
Utility Companies Energy consumption (especially during peak demand)

Full paper found here.

The Development and Valuation of Intelligent and Adaptive Building Systems

Written for the ARCC 2013 Conference: The Visibility of Research
(pending acceptance for publication)

ABSTRACT: Energy consumption by buildings, especially high-rise buildings, has increased to the point that it has overtaken the industrial and transportation sectors. This unsustainable phenomenon has prompted research into intelligent and adaptive building systems (IABS) for more energy-efficient buildings that current architectural practice and building operations overlook. IABS are bottom-up strategies that provide energy consumption and comfort solutions at any scale of the built environment. In addition to the benefit of reduced energy consumption, occupant physiological and psychological well-being can also be addressed through better control and feedback mechanisms. These improvements can be made through the widespread application of systems that blend many different and readily attainable components. This research seeks to address these issues through the development and study of IABS prototypes, virtual models, and material/component libraries that address the needs of all stakeholders. Prototypes that form contextually aware and flexible agent networks will be presented, along with the results of those that have been completed, and suggestions for design and interfacing. Controlled environments are constructed in and around physical prototypes to carefully observe performance results. Also discussed is how high-rise buildings are ideal candidates for IABS integration.

Link to full paper.

Is there something like this for iOS devices?

Hackaday

board-nobg

For the last few years, [Ytai] has been working on the IOIO, a device that connects your Android devices to the other homebrew peripherals. There’s a new version of this really cool board out now that includes a few much-needed features like USB-OTG and a lower component cost that is passed on in savings to you.

A few months ago, our own [Mike Szczys] caught a glimpse of this new IOIO board. It’s the same size as the previous revision, but with USB-OTG, the new IOIO can be a master when connected to a phone, or a slave when connected to a PC.

In addition to USB-OTG, [Ytai] improved the power regulation circuit, and even went so far as to refuse royalties to the board to get the costs down. It’s currently available at Sparkfun for $40.

[Ytai] says he’s working on a few software upgrades to the IOIO, including…

View original post 47 more words

This would be great if it could be programmed to display some sort fo ambient information (e.g. general weather, market volume, news trends, etc.).

Hackaday

sunrise-alarm-from-led-strips

This sunrise alarm clock was made in a bit different form factor than we normally see. Instead of a box next to the bed it’s a bar above the headboard which slowly illuminates every morning. This was [Holly’s] first electronics project. She spent pretty much all summer working on it and accumulated a skill set that included designing for and operating the laser cutter and assembling and programming the electronics.

She didn’t start from square one. The hardware and programming were greatly simplified by the availability of RGB LED strips and the Monochron clock which drives them. [Holly] altered the code to bring up a blueish hue over a 35-minute time period. Since this will be used to wake her at 5:30am she was also obliged to include some backup sounds just in case. But after the project was finished and mounted she forgot to turn them on and was pleasantly…

View original post 35 more words